Wednesday, August 08, 2012

Perfect Pitch vs Relative Pitch

Your ear is your most valuable musical asset.
In music, you are set free or held back by what you can or cannot hear..

Musicians often think that Perfect Pitch is supremely superior to Relative Pitch. It's true in some ways, but it's like comparing apples with oranges. The truth is, Perfect Pitch and Relative Pitch are completely separate hearing skills, each with its own unique powers and abilities.

Perfect Pitch and Relative Pitch are complementary. They do their jobs best when they work together - like the two hemispheres of your brain: right (artistic) and left (logical).

Let's compare the experiences:

Your experience of music without Perfect Pitch or Relative Pitch

Without Perfect Pitch or Relative Pitch, your understanding of music is blurred.

With a completely untrained ear, there is little or no insight into what you hear. Basically: zero comprehension. Of course, everyone can enjoy music without any training whatsoever. But an untrained ear doesn't give you any understanding of the music.

Simply put, without Perfect Pitch or Relative Pitch, you literally have no pitch recognition. Since music is a hearing art, a great ear gives you a natural command of the musical language. A great ear means: an ear that understands pitch.

When you do not know the notes and chords that you hear, the music literally passes you by, not fully heard:

Bottom line: An untrained ear leaves you with unanswered questions about everything you hear.

Your experience of music with Relative Pitch and without Perfect Pitch

With Relative Pitch, you hear music with a fully clear and sharp focus. Your sense of Relative Pitch tells you how pitches relate to one another to create the language of music.

Here's how Relative Pitch works: when you play any two tones, a relationship occurs between them - which you'll hear as a simple sound pattern, or interval:

There are 21 basic Relative Pitch intervals in music, each with its own name and distinct sound. You need to learn each interval by ear.. because.. Relative Pitch intervals are the raw building blocks of all melodies:

Relative Pitch intervals are also the raw building blocks of all chords. This is why Relative Pitch is also lets you name any kind of chord - instantly - by ear.

Relative Pitch gives you a clear insight into music in a whole new way. Examples : You ear can now probe deep into all the harmonies. You can now intelligently  choose chords - by ear - to harmonize any melody. You can now easily take music out of your head, and onto your instrument. And when you can follow the the flow of music by ear, you naturally can improvise, compose, and "play by ear" to an impressive degree.

To put all this very simple:

Relative Pitch gives you a mastery of the musical language - all by ear. In fact, many musicians believe that Relative Pitch is all they need in order to excel in music. And for many people, this is probably true. But Relative Pitch lacks a certain aesthetic experience. It lacks the artistic experience of Pitch Color.

What is Pitch Color?

With Relative Pitch, you are still hearing all the tones as "black and white". In other words, all tones sound basically the same. The only real difference is that some tones sound "higher" and some sound "lower". Relative Pitch cannot tell you when you hear a C#, an F# or a B♭. Nor can Relative Pitch tell you the difference between a D Major 7 chord and an F# Major 7 chord.

To know the exact tones you are hearing, you need a new dimension of experience.. which is Perfect Pitch.

Your experience of music with Perfect Pitch and without Relative Pitch

Perfect Pitch lets you experience each tone as a distinct "pitch color" - so you know exact pitches by ear
Perfect Pitch tells you the exact pitches that you hear. When you hear a C#, you know it's a C# and not an F# or a B♭. You hear it! Each tone sounds different to your ears - similar to how you see colors by eye:

Perfect Pitch gives you the perception of an artist because it endows you with the rich color or every pitch you hear. The experience of Perfect Pitch revolutionizes your abilities in music, because now you know the exact tones you are hearing. Quite naturally, this opens up whole new vistas of artistic possibilities for you.

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Yet contrary to popular ideas about Perfect Pitch, a musicians does not experience the full details of the music with Perfect Pitch alone. If your ear does not possess the clarity of Relative Pitch, your experience of music will not be fully focused. To hear the sharp details of what is happening in the music, you need another dimension of hearing. This is the dimension of Relative Pitch.

Your experience of music with both Perfect Pitch and Relative Pitch

With both Perfect Pitch and Relative Pitch, you hear the total music picture - in color and fully focused.

Now.. here's how Perfect Pitch and Relative Pitch work together.. example: Relative Pitch tells you that you hear a Major Seventh chord. But now the question is : Which Major Seventh is it? Are you hearing E Major Seventh? G Major Seventh? This is where your Perfect Pitch comes to play.

Perfect Pitch tells you the exact tones, so you can pinpoint the root of the chord you are hearing. Now you know that you are hearing a D Major Seventh chord :

Working together in many ways, Perfect Pitch and Relative Pitch give you the complete picture of the notes, chords, melodies, harmonies, and progressions that create all music.

And you get this all BY EAR!!!

Rotation and flipping in Adobe Photoshop

To rotate an image in Adobe Photoshop you can use commands from the submenu Image - Rotate Canvas.

You can apply the following commands:

180° - it rotates the image by 180 degrees.
90° CW - it rotates the image by 90 degrees clockwise.
90° CCW - it rotates the image by 90 degrees anticlockwise.
Arbitrary - this command rotates the image by an arbitrary angle.

For this purpose:

Step 1. select the command from the menu;
Step 2. enter the value of the rotation angle in degrees;
Step 3. specify the direction of the rotation - clockwise or anticlockwise;

Rotate canvas: arbitrary rotation

Step 4. press the button OK.

Flip an image in Adobe Photoshop

To flip an image in Adobe Photoshop you can use the following commands from the menu Image - Rotate Canvas:

Flip Horizontal - it mirrors the image as to the standing axis, i.e. interchanges the left and the right parts of the image;
Flip Vertical - it mirrors the image as to the horizontal axis, i.e. it turns the image upside down.

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How to Replace a Color

In this very day you guys are going to learn something about using the Replace Color Tool in Adobe Photoshop.

First Step

Load the image you would like to work on in Photoshop. For this, I am making use of the image below:

Second Step

Go to Image > Adjustments > Replace Color.

Third Step

In the Replace Color Tool dialog box, select the Eyedropper Tool. Using the Eyedropper Tool, select the color you would like to replace in the image you loaded in Photoshop. Use the Add to Sample Tool to make sure different shades of the same color have been selected too.

Once you have selected the color(s), simply move around the Hue slider in the Replace Color Tool dialog box to replace the color(s) you have selected. Press OK when you’re satisfied.

That’s it, babe. Final Result:

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